Children are protected by the Withdrawal Agreement, regardless of their place of birth, before or after the UK leaves the EU, or whether they were born inside or outside the host country where the EU citizen or British national resides. There are also other important differences with the agreement between the UK and the EU. Last but not least, the EEA-EFTA Agreement does not include the same extensive dispute settlement agreements for independent arbitration. Schengen is not part of the EEA Agreement. However, the four EFTA states participate in Schengen and Dublin through bilateral agreements. They shall apply all the provisions of the relevant acquis.6. General implementation of the EEA-EFTA and related Swiss Agreements Immediately after the announcement of a revised Withdrawal Agreement on 17. In October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP announced that they could not support the new deal. [30] Can EFTA States also sign bilateral free trade agreements? On the EU side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40] and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020[41]. [42] As a result, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, thus concluding the Agreement[43], allowing it to enter into force at 11.m GMT on 31 January 2020 on the date of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union.

The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the “Irish backstop”, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement that outlined provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland following the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contains a provision on a safety net to deal with circumstances in which other satisfactory arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described below. The UK is no longer a party to the EEA Agreement following its withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020. This follows from the two-pillar structure and Article 126 of the EEA Agreement, according to which the EEA Agreement applies to the territory of the EU and the three EEA EFTA States. Nevertheless, the UK will continue to be treated as an EEA state during the transition period (see below). There is a close and ongoing dialogue between the EEA EFTA States and the EU in the EEA Council and the EEA Joint Committee on the impact of the WITHDRAWAL of the United Kingdom from the EU on the EEA Agreement. The EEA EFTA States also maintain close bilateral contacts with the EU institutions, both at ministerial level and at the level of senior officials and experts. .

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